A Newbie Streamer’s Guide to Essential Hardware and Software

Saying every modern person wants to be a streamer is an understatement. With the explosive growth of streaming over the past decade, there’s never been a better time to dive into this exciting world of content creation and entertainment.

The concept of streaming lets you share your gameplay, creativity, or expertise with a global audience. Whether you are an aspiring pro gamer, artist, or content creator, it can be exciting and overwhelming.

However, despite the potential fame and fortune, this career path has difficulties that demand constant grinding. Like any worthwhile career, it requires hard work and smart decision-making before you can reap its rewards.

This guide will cover all the necessary hardware for your PC rig and what software you should run on it. It will also tackle the fundamentals and culture of streaming to help you identify your niche and find success.

What kind of streamer are you?

The biggest mistake you can make as a newbie streamer is not knowing your streamer identity and niche. Without those two fundamental things, your stream has no direction or target audience.

Here are the most popular niches you can find on prominent streaming platforms. These examples should give you ideas for your stream regarding your identity, target audience, and overall direction.

Gaming streamers

Gaming is perhaps the most well-known and popular niche in streaming. Gaming streamers entertain their audiences by playing video games, sharing strategies, participating in multiplayer sessions, and showcasing their skills.

They also engage their audience by commenting and building communities around shared gaming interests. Within the gaming niche are sub-niches such as esports professionals, a variety of streamers, let’s players, and speedrunners.

  • Esports professionals – Esports streamers are professional gamers who compete in organized tournaments and leagues. They showcase high-level gameplay in popular esports titles like League of Legends, Valorant, Dota 2, CS:GO, and Fortnite.

Esports streamers typically have dedicated fan bases and compete for substantial prize pools. Some of Twitch’s most well-known esports streamers include Shroud, Doublelift, and Evo Moment 37 legend Justin Wong.

  • Variety streamers – Variety streamers play a mix of games across different genres. They explore new releases, revisit classics, and adapt to audience preferences. Variety streamers appeal to a broad audience interested in diverse gaming experiences.

Prominent examples of various streamers include GabSmolders, moistcr1tikal, and Pokimane.

  • Let’s players – Let’s players focus on playing through games while providing commentary, reactions, and insights. They entertain viewers with their personalities, humor, and reactions to in-game events. Let’s players often build communities around specific game genres or franchises.

The most iconic Let’s players to grace YouTube are Jacksepticeye, markiplier, and internet icon PewDiePie.

  • Speedrunners – Speedrunners specialize in completing games as quickly as possible. They use advanced strategies, glitches, and route optimizations to achieve record times. Speedrunning communities celebrate skill, precision, and the pursuit of faster completion times.

Some of the most watched gamers needing speed include cheese, witwix, and ClintStevens.

Creative streamers

Creative streamers focus on showcasing their artistic talents and creative processes. This niche encompasses a wide range of activities, including:

  • Artists: Digital artists, traditional painters, illustrators, and graphic designers who create visual art live on stream.
  • Musicians: Singers, musicians, composers, and DJs who perform music, create original compositions, or remix songs during their streams.
  • Crafters: DIY enthusiasts, crafters, and makers who demonstrate crafting techniques, create handmade items, or engage in DIY projects live.

Lifestyle and vlog streamers

Lifestyle streamers share aspects of their daily lives, interests, and experiences with their audiences. This niche is highly diverse and can include:

  • Travel Streamers: Digital nomads, travel bloggers, and adventurers who stream their travels, explore new destinations and share travel tips.
  • Food and Cooking Streamers: Chefs, foodies, and cooking enthusiasts who prepare meals, share recipes, and discuss food-related topics on stream.
  • Fitness and Wellness Streamers: Personal trainers, yoga instructors, and wellness coaches who lead workout sessions, provide fitness advice, and promote healthy living.

Educational streamers

Educational streamers share knowledge, expertise, and learning experiences with their viewers. This niche includes:

  • Tutors and Teachers: Educators who offer tutoring sessions, teach academic subjects, or provide language lessons through live streaming.
  • Tech and Science Explainers: Tech enthusiasts, scientists, and experts who explain complex concepts, showcase experiments, and discuss the latest advancements in technology and science.
  • Career and Professional Development Coaches: Career coaches, mentors, and professionals who offer guidance on career growth, job search strategies, and skill development.

What hardware should you have?

After you figure out what kind of streamer you want to be, it is time to shop for your hardware essentials. Whether you are into gaming, art, or any other content creation, you need the right hardware for your stream.

Critical hardware components that every streamer should consider to enhance their streaming setup include:

Personal computer

Your personal computer (PC) or gaming rig is the backbone of your streaming setup. It is crucial to have a capable machine that can simultaneously handle the demands of streaming software and gaming.

Different people have different PC preferences and needs, but the main components streamers need are typically the same. These main components include the processor, RAM, and graphics card.


  • Processor (CPU) – The processor is the computer’s brain, executing commands and performing calculations. You must get a multi-core processor like the Intel Core i5 or AMD Ryzen 5 series. These processors offer the performance needed to run streaming software smoothly without compromising gaming performance.
  • RAM – RAM is your computer’s short-term memory, where the data the processor needs to run applications and open files is stored. You will need at least 8GB of RAM, preferably DDR4, to ensure sufficient memory for multitasking during streaming sessions.
  • Graphics Card (GPU) – Graphics cards are essential for rendering high-quality visuals. Look for GPUs from brands like NVIDIA (GeForce GTX or RTX series) or AMD (Radeon RX series). These GPUs have sufficient VRAM to handle streaming and gaming tasks effectively.


If your new viewers can barely hear you, they will lose interest quickly. That makes clear and crisp audio is paramount for engaging streams.

Invest in a good microphone that captures your voice cleanly and eliminates background noise. Popular microphone options for streamers include:

  • Shure MV7 Podcast Microphone
  • Razer Seiren Mini
  • Audio-Technica AT2020USB+
  • Sennheiser Profile Streaming Set
  • HyperX Quadcast S
  • SteelSeries Alias Pro


A webcam adds a personal touch to your streams by allowing viewers to see you during broadcasts. It is also essential if you plan on streaming webinars to showcase your expertise. Factors you need to consider when choosing a webcam for streaming include resolution, frame rate, and compatibility.

  • Resolution – Look for webcams that offer HD resolution (720p or 1080p). Higher resolution ensures sharper and clearer video quality.
  • Frame Rate – Higher frame rates (30fps or 60fps) result in smoother video playback with reduced motion blur. Opt for webcams with higher frame rates for more professional-looking streams, especially during fast-paced gameplay or movement.
  • Compatibility – Always check the compatibility of a webcam with your operating system (Windows, macOS, Linux) and streaming software (OBS Studio and Streamlabs OBS). Check for drivers or software updates to ensure seamless integration and functionality.

Popular webcam options for streamers include:

  • Logitech MX Brio Ultra HD 4K Streaming Webcam
  • Elgato Facecam
  • Razer Kiyo Pro Webcam
  • Logitech C922x Pro Stream Webcam
  • Logitech C920x HD Pro Webcam


Good-quality headphones are essential for monitoring audio levels and ensuring clear communication with your audience. Factors to consider when shopping for headphones or gaming headsets include audio quality, comfort and fit, and build quality and durability.

  • Audio Quality – Determine which sound signature you prefer. Some prefer flat and neutral for accurate audio reproduction, while others prefer enhanced bass and immersive sound for gaming.

Driver size is another factor to consider. Larger drivers (40mm or larger) generally produce richer and more detailed sound than smaller ones.

Additionally, you should opt for headphones with active noise cancellation (ANC) or passive noise isolation. This feature blocks out external sounds and improves audio immersion.

  • Comfort and fit – Choose headphones with soft, breathable ear cushions that provide long-term comfort, especially during extended gaming sessions. You should also consider the weight of the headphones or headset, as lighter models are generally more comfortable for prolonged use.
  • Build quality and durability – Choose headphones or headsets made from durable and high-quality materials. Consider the design, such as foldable, swivel ear cups, and adjustable headbands, for portability and ease of storage.

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What software should you run?

The software you should run as a streamer depends on your specific needs, platform preferences, and the type of content you create. Here are some essential software applications commonly used by streamers:

Streaming software

Streaming software lets you broadcast your video content live, interact with your viewers, and manage various aspects of your stream. You should also consider software that will help you host webinars more efficiently. Popular options are OBS Studio and Streamlabs OBS.

Streaming platforms

Streaming platforms serve as the output of your streaming software’s input. These platforms offer tools and features for streamers to engage with viewers, monetize their content, and build communities. Twitch, YouTube Live, and Facebook Live are the most prominent streaming platforms.

Voice chat and communication

The best streamers often provide their fans a means to interact with them and other followers. Voice chat and communication enable streamers and content creators to collaborate with teammates, interact with their audience, and engage in real-time conversations.

Video editing software

Your streaming channel can only do so much for your exposure. Every successful streamer has to branch out and diversify where they get views.

You can increase your viewers, followers, and monetization opportunities by uploading your streams as videos on YouTube and Facebook. Creating clips or short-form content is also a great way to market your channel.

Video editing software will help you polish and give more production value to your long and short videos. Video editing software popular among top streamers include DaVinci Resolve, Adobe Premiere Pro, and Final Cut Pro X.

Your Streaming Career Begins Here

Understanding your niche and investing in the right hardware and software is critical to creating engaging and professional streams. Remember that consistency, creativity, and connections are the primary ingredients for success in the competitive live-streaming industry.