Boiler thermostat: principle of operation

Automatic control in the heating system allows to precisely control the temperature in the premises and save money on fuel. By connecting a thermostat to a heating boiler, the owner of the house increases the efficiency of the equipment by 20-30% and significantly simplifies its maintenance.

How does a heating thermostat work?

A conventional heating system with water as a heat carrier consists of a heating equipment or a heating unit connected to a centralized network, internal pipes and radiators.

To regulate the heat coming from it into the room, you have to constantly monitor the state of the boiler or regularly close / open the valves on the batteries. The inertness of such a system does not allow maintaining the desired temperature throughout the day at the required level. Thermostat makes living in the house as comfortable as possible, helping to save on heating.

The principle of its operation looks like this:

  • The control unit helps to set the desired temperature.
  • Upon reaching the required temperature, the sensor gives a signal which leads to the shutdown of the boiler or a shutoff of the valve in the heating pipes.
  • After the air temperature in the room drops, the boiler equipment or heaters turned back on.

Electronic control module allows to set not a single temperature mode, but several of them for each time of the day at once. Modern boilers offer wide variety of wireless sensors and control units. All communication between separate elements goes through the radio channel. If an error occurs, the display will show an error code on the screen. Each manufacturer has its own error codes. Therefore, honeywell thermostat error codes will be different from error codes from other manufacturers.

Ideally, thermostat should regulate the operation of the heating device itself, which means it should control the supply of fuel. This is the most efficient scheme of connection aimed at providing maximum fuel economy. In this case, the consumption of the energy source will stay at the minimal level required for optimal heating.

However, such a thermostat can only be installed on a gas or electric heaters. If a boiler runs on solid fuel, then adjusting the room temperature will require a thermostat with a mechanical valve, which is mounted right on the pipe.

There are two main elements in an electronic temperature controller:

  • Temperature sensor.
  • Microcontroller

The first one measures the temperature, and the second one controls it and gives signals to increase / decrease the supply of thermal energy to the room. The sensor can send analog or digital signals to the controller. In the first case, thermostat works like its mechanical analogue but greatly exceeds it in accuracy of temperature measurements.

Digital thermostats is the pinnacle of the development of these appliances. They are capable of adjusting the heat supply according to a selected algorithm. Plus, you can connect much more sensors to them located both in rooms and on the street.

Many electronic thermostats offer remote control via infrared or cellular communication.

Electronic appliances designed to automatically adjust the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the coolant are an essential component of heating systems in smart homes.

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