Pentesting Techniques: What You Need to Know About Security Testing

The term “pentest” refers to a method for testing the security of a computer system or network. It entails simulating an attack on a system in order to identify potential vulnerabilities that hackers might exploit. Pentesting can be done by individuals, companies, or government organizations.

In this post, we will discuss the relevance of pentesting and who needs to do it. We will also outline the top pentesting techniques that are used today.

What Is The Relevance Of Pentesting?

Pentesting is relevant in today’s world because it helps to find vulnerabilities and weaknesses before real attackers do. It enables organizations, individuals or governments to protect their systems from hackers that may be looking for weaknesses they can exploit. Pentesting also ensures compliance with regulatory requirements of how information should be handled within an organization or by a third party service provider.

Who Needs To Do Pentesting?

Anybody who uses the internet should consider pentesting their networks and security protocols on a regular basis (at least once per year). The most frequent target of penetration testing is government agencies and organizations, who must comply with regulatory demands. They also need it to protect their systems from attackers who are looking for weaknesses.

Small businesses also need pentesting as they are often targeted by hackers. Cybersecurity is especially important for these businesses as they may not have the same resources as larger organizations.

Individuals need pentesting to protect their personal computers and other devices from online threats. Pentesting can also help identify vulnerabilities in home networks.

Organizations that do not use the internet or that only use it for limited purposes do not need pentesting. These organizations are typically less likely to be targeted by hackers. However, it is still a good idea to periodically test the security of these systems just to be sure.

What Are The Top Pentesting Techniques?

There are many pentesting techniques that are used today. Some of the most common include:

  • Network scanning: This involves scanning a network for devices and identifying which ones are live or active. It also identifies what services and ports are open on these devices.
  • Vulnerability assessment: This is the process of identifying vulnerabilities in systems or applications. It’s either done manually or with automated tools.
  • Penetration testing: This is the actual attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in order to gain access to a system or network.
  • Social engineering: This involves manipulating people into revealing confidential information or granting access to systems they should not have access to.
  • Exploiting vulnerabilities: This involves taking advantage of known security holes in systems or applications to gain access.

These are only a handful of the pentesting techniques that exist today. As technology advances, so do the methods and procedures utilized in pentesting. If you want to be successful in this area, you must stay up to speed on the most recent tools and tactics.

Top Tools For Pentesting

There are several tools that may be utilized for penetration testing. Some of the most popular include:

  • Astra’s Pentest – This is a tool that enables you to scan networks and identify vulnerabilities. Astra’s Pentest is a stellar pentest as a service provider provided by Astra Security.
  • Nmap – A network scanner is a program that may be used to detect hosts on a network. It also identifies what services and ports those devices have open.
  • Metasploit – This is another free, open-source tool that may be utilized for penetration testing. It has a database of known vulnerabilities in systems or applications so it’s easy to see if something needs fixing before an attacker does it themselves manually instead! The goal here would then be able to take advantage of these holes yourself as well (but don’t worry because we won’t).
  • Burp Suite Pro- If you need to test the security of a web application but don’t have time to do so manually, then this professional-grade pentesting tool can be used. It may be utilized to find flaws and also help you exploit them.

There are many other pentesting tools that are available today. It is important to select the right tool for the job and use it effectively in order to get the most out of your pentesting efforts.

What Are The Risks Of Pentesting?

Pentesting can be a risky endeavor. If not done correctly, it may result in damage to the system being tested or even make it vulnerable to future attacks. It is important that pentesters follow best practices and use proper tools when conducting these tests so as not to cause any harm themselves.


In conclusion, pentesting is a vital process that should be done by anyone who uses the internet. It helps identify weaknesses before real attackers can exploit them. The top pentesting techniques vary depending on your needs but include network scanning, vulnerability assessment, penetration testing, and social engineering. Stay up to date and learn more about the latest tools and methods for cracking networks securely.

Author Bio-

Ankit Pahuja is the Marketing Lead & Evangelist at Astra Security. Ever since his adulthood (literally, he was 20 years old), he began finding vulnerabilities in websites & network infrastructures. Starting his professional career as a software engineer at one of the unicorns enables him in bringing “engineering in marketing” to reality. Working actively in the cybersecurity space for more than 2 years makes him the perfect T-shaped marketing professional. Ankit is an avid speaker in the security space and has delivered various talks in top companies, early-age startups, and online events.