The last time human landed his foot on the moon was 1972, over four decades ago. Since then we’ve learned a lot about it. Our landers, probes, and robots have revealed it’s a harsh, barren space slab with a nightmarish environment. But you know what else we’ve learned? In the last four decades, we’ve also got to know that while Earth and the Moon are very different in many ways, there are a lot of similarities, too—and these similarities can help us explore how to someday colonize our celestial companion. The moon itself is a jagged rock over 2,000 miles in diameter. During the Apollo missions between 1969 and 1972, 12 American astronauts set foot on the moon, and bring back an enormous 842 pounds of rock and soil samples as per the report from Betway. Those collected samples revealed that the moon’s makeup is similar to Earth’s. If we want to live on Moon someday, we have to face some challenges.
Forces And Environment On The Moon
Moon consists of a low-gravity environment in a vacuum, with very high to very low temperatures and intense radiation from the sun. Sand grains of the size of micrometeorites travel around 10 miles a second, so shielding is needed to keep them from going through you.
Initial Complex On The Moon
A Moon base may have two or three rooms the size of a regular office. We can bring structures—basically, synthesize cylinders like the ones on the International Space Station—from Earth. Currently, NASA is working on the Moon Village project which aims to be a collaboratively designed and expandable permanent lunar settlement that can serve asan innovative research hub, an otherworldly destination for commercial travelers; and a proving ground for future crewed bases on Mars and beyond.
Most prominent danger while living on the Moon is moonquakes. According to the data provided by all the Apollo missions moon is still seismically active, and even has rare, hour-long quakes measuring up to 5.5 on the Richter scale. These moonquakes would be strong enough to cause structural damage to buildings.
The moon’s gravity — at one-sixth, that of Earth — would make Moon sports a bit of a challenge. A Moon colonizer could jump and throw a ball six times higher and farther than on Earth. In other words, the distance between goal posts on an American Moon football field would need to be 600 yards (549 meters), as opposed to the 100-yards (91 m) fields on Earth. Athletes on the Moon would not need to check the forecast, however. Because of its very flimsy atmosphere, the moon has no weather.
Psychological Challenges In Living On The Moon
For most humans, living in small and tight spaces is a psychological challenge. On the Moon, humans will face the low-gravity environment changes blood flow and affects the eyes, bones, and muscles. Some lunar regolith particles are tiny and craggy, and they get into machines and astronaut suits. One issue is how to filter these particles from space suits, prevent astronauts from dragging them into structures, and safeguard rovers and other equipment outside.