NASA has been advancing their technology to send humans to Mars. Astronauts bound for Mars will travel about 140 million miles into part, advancements in propulsion abilities are key to reaching our destination quickly and safely. The Mars 2020 rover mission has higher technologies that increase entry, descent, and landing: Range Trigger, Terrain-Relative Navigation, MEDLI2, and its EDL cameras and microphone.
The national astronomical and space science agency or NASA has improved its scientific forms of equipment which will help astronauts reach Mars.
A stronger rocket has been developed for the last one and a half-decade additionally, to the present, the rise in the number of satellites and telescopes have improved the likelihood of astronauts reaching Mars. The guidance under zero gravity and also the newer grade of technology have also helped within the landing of the spaceship. On the surface of the earth, Mars are the essential part, organic elements, and chemical compounds required for the improvement of terrestrial plants on Mars.
There is water on Mars (saline, it might need to be desalinated) and on the surface of Mars, there are elements necessary for the event and cultivation of plants. There is, however, no atmosphere with the correct composition for the earth’s plants, which could possibly be cultivated within the future on Mars.
In the next few decades, will human civilization reach such a grade of technological development that Mars should begin to grow plants and start to colonize Mars by building specific stations and cosmic bases there? Mars is a source of inspiration for science fiction stories. It is familiar and well-studied, yet diverse and enough to compel otherworldly adventures. NASA has its sights on the Red Planet for several reasons.
Technology development has already begun to enable a crewed Mars mission as early as 2030. Many of the capabilities will be demonstrated at the Moon first, during the Artemis missions, while other systems suit more deeper space. Mars One will secure the landing modules from one of the best-qualified suppliers in the world, like Lockheed Martin. Similar landers will be provided to perform different capacities.
Here are six types of technologies NASA is currently working on to make Mars science fantasy into reality:
- Powerful propulsion systems to get us there (and back home) quicker;
- Inflatable heat shields to land astronauts on other planets;
- High-tech Martian spacesuits;
- Martian home and lab on wheels;
- Uninterrupted power;
- Laser communications to send more information home.
Some preliminary things that need to be improved according to NASA are:
- Carrying Life Support Units that generate energy, water, and breathable air for the settlement.
- Carrying Supply Unit with food, solar panels, spare parts, and other components.
- Carrying Living Units that are outfitted with deployable inflatable habitats.
- Carrying Humans to the surface of Mars
- Carrying Rovers to the surface of Mars
Communications System: The communications system will have two communications satellites and Earth ground stations. It will send data from Mars to Earth and the other way around.
Rovers: Two rovers will be sent to Mars to set up the outpost before the humans land. One of them will travel the surface of Mars searching for a suitable location for the settlement, transport of large hardware components, and the general assembly. Mars One’s rover supplier will discover the exact rover strategy; it is possible that instead of a large rover, multiple small rovers will be sent. For example, a main rover accompanied by a trailer system is used for transporting the landing capsules.
Every astronaut should wear their Mars suits when exposed to the Mars atmosphere. Like the ones used by the Apollo astronauts on the Moon, Mars suits protect astronauts from high temperatures and the very thin, non-breathable atmosphere.
Mars Transit Vehicle: The transit vehicle will include two propellant stages, a transit habitat, and a landing module. The landing module will be similar to the ones which were used for the unmanned Mars missions. The crew will go through space for approximately 7 or 8 months, depending on the year of departure, which is much shorter than several MIR Station missions and even smaller than the new one-year shifts in the ISS. The transit habitat will be a little space station when opposed to the large ISS module. The water tanks and other storage will be used to build a radiation shelter which will also operate as crew sleeping quarters. When the crew lands on Mars, they will descend to the Mars surface in their Mars suits in the landing module… They will then drop the transit habitat behind because it is too large and heavy to land. This means that the transit habitat needs a lifetime of only the duration of the journey to Mars, which is shorter than ISS modules.